President Trump during a meeting with members of Congress at the White House on Tuesday.

Tom Brenner/The New York Times

WASHINGTON — President Trump announced his support on Wednesday for the immigration legislation drafted by Senator Charles E. Grassley to codify his own plan, and said that he would oppose bills that “fail to deliver for the American people.”

While the president’s support of the Iowa Republican’s bill is not surprising, his vague promise not to support other bills is notable, as Mr. Trump told lawmakers last month that he would sign any immigration bill that Congress sends him. Republican leaders have said Congress should only pass legislation that Mr. Trump would sign, but how flexible the president would be was a key question for lawmakers.

The White House position was announced as the Senate holds a rare open debate on immigration, which allows senators to build legislation from a blank slate on the Senate floor.

Other proposals with bipartisan support on Capitol Hill take a narrower approach than Mr. Grassley, extending protections for young immigrants brought to the country illegally as children and bolstering border security. But those bills do not include the tough changes to immigration law that Mr. Trump backs — and most Democrats strongly oppose.

Mr. Grassley is the chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee.

In his statement on Wednesday, Mr. Trump said he would not support any proposal that does not include the four pillars of his own plan — a path to citizenship for young, undocumented immigrants known as Dreamers, ending the visa lottery program, building a border wall and ending what he calls “chain migration,” which is family-based immigration.

“I am asking all senators, in both parties, to support the Grassley bill and to oppose any legislation that fails to fulfill these four pillars,” Mr. Trump said in the statement.

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