Miami-Dade serves roughly 345,000 students, over 90 percent of whom are Hispanic or black and more than 70 percent of whom qualify for free or reduced-price lunch.


Alberto M. Carvalho, New York City’s new schools chancellor, receives a tour of a Dade County elementary school along with the secretary of education, Betsy DeVos, led by the principal.

C.M. Guerrero/El Nuevo Herald, via Associated Press

In 2014, Mr. Carvalho was named the National Superintendent of the Year. In 2012, the district won the Broad Prize, which recognizes districts that have closed racial and economic achievement gaps.

Mr. Carvalho took over the district from Rudolph Crew, himself a former New York City schools chancellor.

Mr. Carvalho, who earns a salary of $352,874 in Miami, would likely take a pay cut if he took the job in New York. Ms. Fariña’s current salary is $234,569.

Last year Mr. Carvalho said that he had been courted to run for Congress, for the seat of retiring Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen

Mr. Carvalho came to New York at age 17 on a visa that he overstayed. He eventually made his way to Florida, where he worked in construction and at one point spent a month sleeping in a friend’s U-Haul truck.

He has been an outspoken critic of President Trump’s immigration policies. The district has a “sanctuary school” policy, which forbids Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents from entering school property without an order from a judge.

“Over my dead body will anyone walk into our schools and yank any child from the sanctity and the protection that schools, as sanctuaries of the young, provide,” he said in a speech last November. “Not on my watch.”

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